Health conditions affecting the Human Mouth and Teeth

Dental problems & Dental Diseases

Except of the most common dental problems (such as toothaches, cavities, and gum disease) several other dental diseases and conditions may affect our oral health. These conditions may include functional problems e.g. jaw joint disorders or bad occlusion, aesthetic problems e.g. tooth discoloration, or pathological conditions affecting other soft or hard tissues of the mouth.

Dental plaque is an almost invisible film of bacteria that accumulates on our teeth and gums. It is the cause of the main dental diseases: tooth decay and gum disease.

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Tooth decay, also called ‘dental caries’ or ‘cavities’, is a disease causing the progressive destruction of the tooth structure. It is one of the main causes of tooth loss.

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Tooth loss can occur when one or more teeth fall out or they are extracted due to dental diseases such as tooth decay and gum disease, or lost due to tooth injuries or mouth trauma.

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Tooth abscess is an accumulation of pus at the area around a tooth root or in the gums, as a result of a tooth or gum infection. It is a painful condition that may lead to tooth loss.

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Toothache is a sign of dental problems. Tooth pain can be a symptom of many different dental conditions. You should visit your dentist without delay for an exam to prevent any complications.

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Gum disease, or periodontal disease, is a serious inflammatory disease of the gums and bone around the teeth. Bleeding or receding gums are the main signs of periodontal disease.

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Health conditions affecting the human mouth

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